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Capital and largest cityAthens
Official language and national languageGreek
Religion93% Christianity
-2017—90% Greek Orthodoxy or 81.4% [1] [a]
—3% Other Christian
4% or 14.7%[1] or 22% [4]No religion
2% Islam
1% Other religions[5]
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• PresidentKaterina Sakellaropoulou
• Prime MinisterKyriakos Mitsotakis
• Speaker of the ParliamentKonstantinos Tasoulas
LegislatureHellenic Parliament
Establishment history
• Independence declared from the Ottoman Empire25 March 1821 (traditional starting date of the Greek War of Independence), 15 January 1822 (official declaration)
• Recognised3 February 1830
• Current constitution27556
• Total131,957 km2 (50,949 sq mi)[6] (95th)
• Water (%)1.51 (as of 2015)[7]
• 2020 estimate 10,718,565[8] (85th)
• 2011 census10,816,286[9]
• Density82[10]/km2 (212.4/sq mi) (98th)
2020 estimate
• Total $310.743 billion[11] (53th)
• Per capita $29,045[11] (47th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
 $194.376 billion[11] (51th)
• Per capita $18,168[11] (41th)
Gini (2020) 31.1[12]
medium · 60th
HDI (2019)
very high · 32nd
CurrencyEuro (€) (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (Eastern European Time)
• Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (Eastern European Summer Time)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy (AD)
Driving sideright
Calling code30
ISO 3166 codeGR

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