India

India
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CapitalNew Delhi
Largest cityMumbai (city proper)
Delhi (metropolitan area)
Official languagesHindi
English[b][7]
Recognised national languagesNone[8][9][10]
Recognised regional languages
State level and Eighth Schedule[11]
Native languages447 languages[c]
Religion79.8% Hinduism
-201114.2% Islam
2.3% Christianity
1.7% Sikhism
0.7% Buddhism
0.4% Jainism
0.23% Unaffiliated
0.65% Others[14]
Demonym(s)Indian
MembershipUN
Commonwealth of Nations
WTO
BRICS
SAARC
SCO
G4 nations
Group of Five
G8+5
G20
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional republic
• PresidentRam Nath Kovind
• Vice PresidentVenkaiah Naidu
• Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
• Chief JusticeN. V. Ramana
• Lok Sabha SpeakerOm Birla
LegislatureParliament
• Upper houseRajya Sabha
• Lower houseLok Sabha
Independence
from the United Kingdom
• Dominion17394
• Republic18289
Area
• Total3,287,263[2] km2 (1,269,219 sq mi)[d] (7th)
• Water (%)9.6
Population
• 2018 estimate 1,352,642,280[15][16] (2nd)
• 2011 census1,210,854,977[17][18] (2nd)
• Density412.0/km2 (1,067.1/sq mi) (19th)
GDP (PPP)
2021 estimate
• Total $10.207 trillion[19] (3rd)
• Per capita
 $7,333[19] (122nd)
GDP (nominal)
2021 estimate
• Total $3.050 trillion[19] (6th)
• Per capita $2,191[19] (145th)
Gini (2011)35.7[20]
medium · 98th
HDI (2019) 0.645[21]
medium · 131st
CurrencyIndian rupee (₹) (INR)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
DST is not observed
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy[e]
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft[22]
Calling code91
ISO 3166 codeIN

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