Italy

Italy
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Capital

and largest city
Rome
Italy41°54′N 12°29′E
Official languagesItaliana
Native languagesSee full list
Ethnic groups

(2017)[1]
Religion

(2020)[2]
Demonym(s)Italian
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary
constitutional republic
Sergio Mattarella
Mario Draghi
Elisabetta Casellati
Roberto Fico
LegislatureParliament
Senate of the Republic
Chamber of Deputies
Formation
17 March 1861
2 June 1946
1 January 1948
• Founded the EEC (now EU)
1 January 1958
Area
• Total
301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) (71st)
• Water (%)
1.24 (as of 2015)[3]
Population
• 2020 estimate
Neutral decrease 60,317,116[4] (23rd)
• 2011 census
Neutral increase 59,433,744[5]
• Density
201.3/km2 (521.4/sq mi) (63rd)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $2.610 trillion[6] (13th)
• Per capita
Increase $43,376[6] (29th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $2.106 trillion[6] (8th)
• Per capita
Increase $34,997[6] (25th)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 32.8[7]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.892[8]
very high · 29th
CurrencyEuro ()b (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
yyyymmdd (AD)[9]
Driving sideright
Calling code+39c
ISO 3166 codeIT

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