Pakistan

Pakistan
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CapitalIslamabad
Pakistan33°41′30″N 73°03′00″E
Largest cityKarachi
Pakistan24°51′36″N 67°00′36″E
Official languages
Regional languagesPunjabi (39%) • Pashto (18%) • Sindhi (15%) • Saraiki (12%) • Balochi (3%) • Hindko (2%) • Pothwari (1%) • Brahui (1%) • Kashmiri (0.17%)

Balti • Burushaski • Dameli • Domaaki • Gawar-Bati • Kalasha • Khowar • Kohistani • Kutchi • Memoni • Shina • Wakhi • Yidgha

Ethnic groups

(2020[3])
Religion

(2017[5])
Demonym(s)Pakistani
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional republic
Arif Alvi
Imran Khan
Sadiq Sanjrani
Asad Qaiser
Gulzar Ahmed
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Independence

from the United Kingdom
14 August 1947
23 March 1956
12 January 1972
14 August 1973
Area
• Total
881,913 km2 (340,509 sq mi)[a][7] (33rd)
• Water (%)
2.86
Population
• 2021 estimate
Increase 225,199,937[8] (5th)
• 2017 census
Increase 207.8 million
• Density
244.4/km2 (633.0/sq mi) (56th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.110 trillion[9] (26th)
• Per capita
Increase $5,839[9] (139th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $296 billion[9] (43rd)
• Per capita
Increase $1,543[9] (159th)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 31.6[10]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.557[11]
medium · 152nd
CurrencyPakistani rupee (₨) (PKR)
Time zoneUTC+05:00 (PST)
DST is not observed
Date format
  • ddmmyyyy[b]
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft[12]
Calling code+92
ISO 3166 codePK
Internet TLD.pk
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