Tunisia

Tunisia
Capital

and largest city
Tunis
Tunisia36°49′N 10°11′E
Official languagesArabic[2]
Spoken languages
Ethnic groups

Arab-Berber 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1% [8][9]
Religion

Islam (official)[10]
Demonym(s)Tunisian
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republic[11][12]
Kais Saied
Vacant
Rached Ghannouchi
LegislatureAssembly of the Representatives of the People
Establishment
• Ancient Carthage inaugurated
814 BC
• Aghlabids inaugurated
800
• Fatimid Caliphate inaugurated
909
• Hafsid dynasty inaugurated
1207
• Husainid Dynasty inaugurated
15 July 1705
• Independence from France
20 March 1956
25 July 1957
7 November 1987
14 January 2011
10 February 2014
Area
• Total
163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi) (91st)
• Water (%)
5.04
Population
• 2020 estimate
11,708,370[13] (81st)
• Density
71.65/km2 (185.6/sq mi) (110th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $159.707 billion[14]
• Per capita
Increase $13,417[14]
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $44.192 billion[14]
• Per capita
Increase $3,713[14]
Gini (2017)35.8[15]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.740[16]
high · 95th
CurrencyTunisian dinar (TND)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Driving sideright
Calling code+216
ISO 3166 codeTN
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